Numbness in the toes is often a symptom of an underlying issue, rather than a condition itself. Several factors can contribute to this sensation. One common cause is poor circulation. Reduced blood flow to the toes can result from serious conditions like peripheral artery disease, or PAD, or more easily correctable habits, such as wearing tight footwear that restricts blood flow. Another potential cause of numbness in the toes is nerve compression, such as that caused by Morton's neuroma or nerve entrapment in the lower back. Diabetes, with its potential for nerve damage, termed neuropathy, is also a frequent cause of toe numbness. Infections and injuries, like frostbite or ingrown toenails, may temporarily disrupt nerve signals. In addition to these causes, nutritional deficiencies, particularly in vitamin B12, can lead to neuropathy and toe numbness. Lifestyle factors like smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can make these issues worse. To determine the cause of your toe numbness and receive appropriate treatment, it's suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist.
Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Paul A. Santangelo, DPM from Illinois. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.
What Is Neuropathy?
Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.
Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:
- Sensation loss
- Prickling and tingling sensations
- Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
- Muscle weakness
Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.
To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.
Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.