Items filtered by date: November 2023
Plantar warts, also known as verrucae plantaris, are warts that appear on the bottom of the feet, often in areas that bear weight like the heels, toes, and the middle of the foot. These warts can be particularly painful and difficult to treat because walking puts pressure on them, causing them to grow inward. Sometimes, many warts can grow together, forming what is known as mosaic warts. It can be hard to tell plantar warts apart from corns or calluses. Corns are hard skin that forms over joints from pressure and rubbing. They have a hard core and do not have the small black dots that warts do. Soft corns form in moist areas between toes due to pressure and rubbing. Another condition often mistaken for plantar warts is black heel, which can be seen in athletes like tennis or basketball players. This is where tiny blood vessels break, causing small black or brown spots on the heel or side of the foot. Carefully removing the top layer of skin can help separate this condition from warts, calluses, corns, and serious issues such as malignant melanoma. If you have what appears to be a wart on your foot, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.
About Plantar Warts
Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.
While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.
- Lesions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
- Hard or thick callused spots
- Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
- Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing
- Electric tool removal
- Laser Treatment
- Topical Creams (prescription only)
- Over-the-counter medications
To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, can help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.
Foot blisters are fluid-filled pockets that form on the skin's surface, commonly caused by friction, heat, and moisture. These blisters can be painful and uncomfortable, affecting individuals of all ages. Friction is a primary culprit in blister formation. When the skin repeatedly rubs against footwear or other surfaces, it can lead to irritation, causing a blister to develop as a protective mechanism. Wearing ill-fitting shoes, especially those that are too tight or loose, can exacerbate this problem. Heat and moisture also contribute to blister development. When your feet sweat excessively, it creates a moist environment inside your shoes, increasing the risk of friction. In hot weather, sweat can make the skin more vulnerable to blistering. Another potential cause of blisters is burns, whether from hot surfaces, chemicals, or sunburn, as they can damage the skin and result in blister formation. Understanding the causes of foot blisters is essential for prevention. If you do develop a blister, it is important to protect and care for it to avoid infection and promote healing, and a podiatrist can help you accomplish this. It is suggested that you contact this type of doctor who can guide you toward healing and prevention techniques.
Blisters are prone to making everyday activities extremely uncomfortable. If your feet are hurting, contact Paul A. Santangelo, DPM of Illinois. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.
What Are Foot Blisters?
A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.
How Do Blisters Form?
Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.
Prevention & Treatment
It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a Band-Aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister, seek assistance from a podiatrist.
There are two sesamoid bones located beneath the big toe which aid its movement. Problems with these sesamoid bones can vary from acute injuries such as turf toe, where the toe excessively bends due to fractures. Pain may also arise from sesamoiditis, an inflammation of the sesamoids, or from arthritis affecting the toe. Symptoms of acute sesamoid issues can manifest as intense pain and difficulty in walking, while chronic conditions may cause persistent pain under the big toe, which can be aggravated by certain shoes or activities, hinting at sesamoiditis. Diagnosis typically involves examining the patient's medical history and symptoms, supported by X-rays or more detailed scans such as an MRI or CT scan. Treatment strategies for sesamoid problems range from wearing supportive footwear and activity modifications. If these measures fail, surgery might be considered, which could include removing the sesamoid bones or repairing them. If you have foot pain of any sort, it is strongly suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can accurately diagnose the problem and offer treatment options that can help you return to normal activity levels.
Sesamoiditis is an unpleasant foot condition characterized by pain in the balls of the feet. If you think you’re struggling with sesamoiditis, contact Paul A. Santangelo, DPM of Illinois. Our doctor will treat your condition thoroughly and effectively.
Sesamoiditis is a condition of the foot that affects the ball of the foot. It is more common in younger people than it is in older people. It can also occur with people who have begun a new exercise program, since their bodies are adjusting to the new physical regimen. Pain may also be caused by the inflammation of tendons surrounding the bones. It is important to seek treatment in its early stages because if you ignore the pain, this condition can lead to more serious problems such as severe irritation and bone fractures.
Causes of Sesamoiditis
- Sudden increase in activity
- Increase in physically strenuous movement without a proper warm up or build up
- Foot structure: those who have smaller, bonier feet or those with a high arch may be more susceptible
Treatment for sesamoiditis is non-invasive and simple. Doctors may recommend a strict rest period where the patient forgoes most physical activity. This will help give the patient time to heal their feet through limited activity. For serious cases, it is best to speak with your doctor to determine a treatment option that will help your specific needs.
Excessive sweating, termed hyperhidrosis, occurs when individuals sweat profusely without apparent reasons such as heat or physical exertion. The two types of hyperhidrosis are focal hyperhidrosis, localized to specific body parts like the feet, and generalized hyperhidrosis, affecting the entire body due to potential medical issues. Regular sweating is the body's natural cooling mechanism during heat or exertion, whereas excessive sweating may be due to idiopathic hyperhidrosis, a hereditary condition with unknown causes. Certain medical conditions and medications can also be culprits. While not directly harmful, hyperhidrosis can impact an individual's emotional well-being and social interactions, and lead to conditions like eczema. Diagnosis involves an evaluation. Managing hyperhidrosis includes maintaining hygiene, wearing breathable fabrics, and drinking ample water. If your feet sweat excessively, it is suggested that you make an appointment to see a podiatrist who can evaluate your specific condition and offer appropriate treatment options.
Hyperhidrosis of the Feet
Hyperhidrosis is a rare disorder that can cause people to have excessive sweating of their feet. This can usually occur all on its own without rigorous activity involved. People who suffer from hyperhidrosis may also experience sweaty palms.
Although it is said that sweating is a healthy process meant to cool down the body temperature and to maintain a proper internal temperature, hyperhidrosis may prove to be a huge hindrance on a person’s everyday life.
Plantar hyperhidrosis is considered to be the main form of hyperhidrosis. Secondary hyperhidrosis can refer to sweating that occurs in areas other than the feet or hands and armpits. Often this may be a sign of it being related to another medical condition such as menopause, hyperthyroidism and even Parkinson’s disease.
In order to alleviate this condition, it is important to see your doctor so that they may prescribe the necessary medications so that you can begin to live a normal life again. If this is left untreated, it is said that it will persist throughout an individual’s life.
A last resort approach would be surgery, but it is best to speak with your doctor to find out what may be the best treatment for you.