Items filtered by date: August 2023
Falling presents a significant threat to the well-being of older adults, often leading to severe injuries, hospitalization, and sometimes death. With age, the risk of falling can increase as a result of health issues such as arthritis, muscle weakness, and poor balance. Tips for preventing falls can start with evaluating prescription medications that may affect balance. It is beneficial to create a safer home environment by keeping pathways clear of cords and removing loose carpets or rugs. Installing additional lighting in dim areas and staircases, and placing nightlights in key locations are effective fall prevention techniques. Additional methods can consist of decluttering living spaces, especially around stairs and narrow passageways, and installing handrails on both sides of steps, indoors and outdoors. Put grab bars near the toilet and bathtub, and use non-slip mats in the bathroom. Choose shoes with secure soles and proper back support, avoiding loose slippers or socks. A podiatrist can aid in the prevention of falls through assessments of balance, strength, and walking gait. For more information, it is suggested that you make an appointment with this type of doctor who can guide you toward living in a safe environment.
Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Paul A. Santangelo, DPM from Illinois. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.
Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.
How to Prevent Falls
Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:
- Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
- Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
- Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
- Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
- Utilizing a walker or cane
- Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
- Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness
Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.
Capsulitis is a painful condition that affects the front part of the foot and can worsen over time. The smaller toes have three joints each. If the pain comes from the ball of the foot, it might indicate capsulitis. This happens when a ligament in the joint becomes inflamed. Capsulitis mainly affects the second toe, sometimes extending to the third toe. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and redness in the front part of the foot. Walking and wearing shoes can be uncomfortable. Neglecting capsulitis can lead to additional problems like calluses and curled toes. It can even cause one toe to cross over another. Capsulitis can result from injuries, poor foot mechanics, ill-fitting shoes, or conditions like arthritis. Some individuals are more susceptible due to their foot structure. Treatment includes resting, wearing shoe inserts, exercising the foot, avoiding tight, thin-soled shoes, and elevating the foot. If you have persisting toe pain, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for care.
What Causes Toe Pain?
Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.
Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:
- Sports injury
- Wearing shoes that are too tight
- Corns and calluses
- Ingrown toenails
- Fractures (broken bones)
When to See a Podiatrist
- Severe pain
- Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
- Signs of infection
- Continued swelling
- Pain that prevents walking
In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.
Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.
The feet play a vital role in the functioning of your entire body, housing important nerves that connect to various organs. To ensure they function well, it's essential to keep your feet clean and comfortable. Here are some tips to maintain healthy and happy feet. Soak your feet in warm water mixed with shampoo or liquid soap for 10 minutes. Use a foot file to gently remove calluses and any hardened skin. Then massage your feet with moisturizer or foot cream for nourishment and softness. Remember to allow the skin to absorb the lotion fully before putting on socks. Other suggestions for a foot routine include giving your feet a chance to breathe by walking barefoot while resting at home or at your desk. An important part of foot care is trimming your toenails properly to avoid the discomfort of an ingrown toenail. It is also essential to wear shoes that fit well, leave room for the toes to move freely in, and provide proper cushioning, especially if your job involves standing for long periods. Your feet will thank you by staying healthy and happy, contributing to your overall well being. For any foot problems you may have, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist.
Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Paul A. Santangelo, DPM from Illinois. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Everyday Foot Care
Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.
It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.
Gout is a painful, inflammatory form of arthritis. Those affected will typically feel an intense stiffness in the joints of their feet, particularly in the big toe. Schedule a visit to learn about how gout can be managed and treated.
Foot dyshidrotic eczema, also known as pompholyx, is a skin condition characterized by small, intensely itchy blisters that appear on the soles of the feet and edges of the toes. This condition tends to flare up for a few weeks and in some cases, can be chronic. It is most common in adults aged 20-40, with a higher prevalence among females. Symptoms of foot dyshidrotic eczema include a burning or prickling sensation on the skin, followed by the sudden eruption of tiny blisters that may weep and become infected. This condition can cause pain, itching, fluid-filled blisters, sweaty skin, dry and flaky skin after blisters clear, and possible dark spots for individuals with darker skin tones. The exact cause of foot dyshidrotic eczema is unknown, but it is thought to be genetic and can be linked to hypersensitivity to certain allergens, such as exposure to metals or fungal infections like athlete's foot, and excessively sweaty feet. Stress and warm weather may also lead to flare-ups. If you have anything resembling this condition, it is strongly suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist as soon as possible for a proper diagnosis and treatment.
Blisters may appear as a single bubble or in a cluster. They can cause a lot of pain and may be filled with pus, blood, or watery serum. If your feet are hurting, contact Paul A. Santangelo, DPM of Illinois. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Foot blisters are often the result of friction. This happens due to the constant rubbing from shoes, which can lead to pain.
What Are Foot Blisters?
A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.
(Blister symptoms may vary depending on what is causing them)
- Bubble of skin filled with fluid
- Moderate to severe pain
Prevention & Treatment
In order to prevent blisters, you should be sure to wear comfortable shoes with socks that cushion your feet and absorb sweat. Breaking a blister open may increase your chances of developing an infection. However, if your blister breaks, you should wash the area with soap and water immediately and then apply a bandage to the affected area. If your blisters cause severe pain it is important that you call your podiatrist right away.
Children’s feet may look like smaller versions of adult feet, but that is where the similarity ends. There are interesting facts about children’s feet, such as it takes approximately 19 years for full development, and 80 percent of children’s foot growth happens between the heel and the ball of the foot. Additionally, the growth rate of a child's foot is approximately six inches in the first 10 years of life. A baby’s foot is considered to be more fragile than an adult's foot, as it contains more cartilage than bone. It is important for parents to buy shoes for their children that fit correctly and are frequently changed to accommodate their rapidly growing feet. If you would like to have more knowledge about children’s and baby's feet, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can answer any questions you may have.
The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact Paul A. Santangelo, DPM of Illinois. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy
- Make sure their shoes fit properly
- Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
- Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
- Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
- Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
- Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
- Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
- Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.