Items filtered by date: September 2023
Foot pain can be prevalent among older individuals, impacting approximately one in four seniors. It poses a significant threat to mobility and balance and is an independent contributor to the risk of falls. The management of foot pain is often overlooked in geriatric healthcare, resulting in unnecessary suffering and disability among older adults. Fortunately, conservative interventions such as routine foot care, proper footwear guidance, and the use of foot orthoses have proven effective in reducing foot pain and preserving mobility in older individuals. These interventions play a crucial role in ensuring the well-being and independence of older adults who may otherwise endure chronic foot pain unnecessarily. If you are a senior or caring for one, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an examination and advice on how to best protect aging feet.
Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Paul A. Santangelo, DPM from Illinois. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Bone Spurs
- Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Ingrown Toenails
- Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
- Flat Feet
- Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
- And more
To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.
Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.
Numbness in the toes is often a symptom of an underlying issue, rather than a condition itself. Several factors can contribute to this sensation. One common cause is poor circulation. Reduced blood flow to the toes can result from serious conditions like peripheral artery disease, or PAD, or more easily correctable habits, such as wearing tight footwear that restricts blood flow. Another potential cause of numbness in the toes is nerve compression, such as that caused by Morton's neuroma or nerve entrapment in the lower back. Diabetes, with its potential for nerve damage, termed neuropathy, is also a frequent cause of toe numbness. Infections and injuries, like frostbite or ingrown toenails, may temporarily disrupt nerve signals. In addition to these causes, nutritional deficiencies, particularly in vitamin B12, can lead to neuropathy and toe numbness. Lifestyle factors like smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can make these issues worse. To determine the cause of your toe numbness and receive appropriate treatment, it's suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist.
Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Paul A. Santangelo, DPM from Illinois. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.
What Is Neuropathy?
Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.
Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:
- Sensation loss
- Prickling and tingling sensations
- Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
- Muscle weakness
Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.
To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.
Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.
In the world of rugby, players frequently grapple with the physical demands of their sport, including that associated with tackles and rapid bursts of running. These actions place immense strain on the feet and ankles, crucial for balance and propulsion in scrums or while evading tackles. Proper form is paramount, especially when deadlifting and squatting. In junior and adolescent rugby, common foot related issues include Osgood-Schlatter's and Sinding-Larsen-Johansson syndrome, which cause knee pain, as well as Sever's disease, leading to heel discomfort. Shin splints and ankle sprains are also prevalent. Senior rugby players encounter additional concerns such as forefoot pain, calf and hamstring tears, and conditions that can include plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendon pain. Preventing and treating these issues involves assessments, tailored treatments, and analyzing movement patterns. It is also beneficial to address structural problems, and incorporate strength programs and balance training. Treatments range from strapping and having footwear assessments to orthotics and advanced rehabilitation techniques. If you or your child plays rugby, and especially if either one of you has endured a foot or ankle injury, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for further advice and necessary treatment.
Ankle and foot injuries are common among athletes and in many sports. They can be caused by several problems and may be potentially serious. If you are feeling pain or think you were injured in a sporting event or when exercising, consult with Paul A. Santangelo, DPM from Illinois. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
The most common injuries that occur in sporting activities include:
- Achilles Tendonitis
- Achilles Tendon Rupture
- Ankle Sprains
- Broken Foot
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Stress Fractures
- Turf Toe
Symptoms vary depending upon the injury and in some cases, there may be no symptoms at all. However, in most cases, some form of symptom is experienced. Pain, aching, burning, bruising, tenderness, tightness or stiffness, sensation loss, difficulty moving, and swelling are the most common symptoms.
Just as symptoms vary depending upon the injury, so do treatment options. A common treatment method is known as the RICE method. This method involves rest, applying ice, compression and elevating the afflicted foot or ankle. If the injury appears to be more serious, surgery might be required, such as arthroscopic or reconstructive surgery. Lastly, rehabilitation or therapy might be needed to gain full functionality in the afflicted area. Any discomfort experienced by an athlete must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.
Have you noticed a bony protrusion on the side of your big toe? If so, you may have developed the foot condition known as a bunion. Don't let bunions interfere with your daily activities.
Recurrent ankle sprains are a common issue, often resulting in chronic symptoms like pain, swelling, and instability. Reasons for this chronic problem include ligament laxity, proprioception deficits, and muscle weakness. There is a higher risk of this among younger individuals and athletes. A thorough evaluation, involving MRIs, diagnosis, and assessment of the severity of ankle injuries should be done to distinguish between functional and mechanical instability. Treatment options range from conservative methods like rest and elevation of the ankle, neuromuscular training, and bracing, to surgical interventions. If you find that you are spraining your ankle repeatedly, it is strongly suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist to evaluate your ankle and determine the best way to manage this for the best possible outcome.
Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact Paul A. Santangelo, DPM from Illinois. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?
Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.
What Are the Symptoms?
- Mild to moderate bruising
- Limited mobility
- Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)
Preventing a Sprain
- Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
- Stretching before exercises and sports
- Knowing your limits
Treatment of a Sprain
Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity. Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.
If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.