Items filtered by date: April 2023
A bunion is a bony bump that can develop on the side of an individual’s foot. Most commonly, the bunion develops on the inside of the foot near the big toe. However, a bunionette,, or tailor’s bunion, may develop on the outside of the foot near the pinky toes. Patients often ask about what exactly causes a tailor’s bunion. The answer is that there are a wide variety of different nuanced causes of a bunionette. First, a bunionette might develop when the feet do not function properly, causing the metatarsal bones to essentially separate. Second, the structure of the feet may change when an individual engages in new physical activities and sports. Third, bunionettes might also be caused by a hereditary disposition that is passed down through genetics. If you are someone living with a bunionette, it is suggested that you contact a podiatrist today for an appointment.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
Falling can be life-threatening among the older population. A fracture may happen, and this can impact the ability to complete daily activities. It can change the quality of everyday life, possibly limiting exercising, which may affect cardiovascular health. Effective fall prevention methods can be implemented, which may help limit or prevent falling. These can include installing grab bars in the toilet and shower area, and many patients find it helpful to use a bathmat. Additionally, improving lighting in the household and removing worn rugs from the living room is beneficial. Regular physical and eye examinations can help update existing eyeglasses and medications, and adding handrails to the stairs may help prevent falling episodes. Suppose you would like additional information about how falling can affect the feet and what you can do to protect them. In that case, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can guide you toward efficient fall prevention techniques.
Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Paul A. Santangelo, DPM from Illinois. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.
Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.
How to Prevent Falls
Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:
- Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
- Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
- Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
- Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
- Utilizing a walker or cane
- Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
- Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness
Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.
Many individuals may not already be familiar with what exactly a pressure sore is. Pressure sores can develop on the skin when pressure is applied to the surface of the skin and blood flow to the skin is reduced. As a result, a sore may develop. Pressure sores can develop all throughout the body, but they can also be particularly harmful on the heels of the feet. There are four different stages of pressure sores, each increasing in severity. Podiatrists, or foot care specialists, can help identify pressure sores on your feet and effectively devise a treatment plan that best suits your needs. If you are someone who thinks that you might have a pressure sore on your feet or heel, it is highly recommended that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist today for medical attention and potential treatment.
Wound care is an important part in dealing with diabetes. If you have diabetes and a foot wound or would like more information about wound care for diabetics, consult with Paul A. Santangelo, DPM from Illinois. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
What Is Wound Care?
Wound care is the practice of taking proper care of a wound. This can range from the smallest to the largest of wounds. While everyone can benefit from proper wound care, it is much more important for diabetics. Diabetics often suffer from poor blood circulation which causes wounds to heal much slower than they would in a non-diabetic.
What Is the Importance of Wound Care?
While it may not seem apparent with small ulcers on the foot, for diabetics, any size ulcer can become infected. Diabetics often also suffer from neuropathy, or nerve loss. This means they might not even feel when they have an ulcer on their foot. If the wound becomes severely infected, amputation may be necessary. Therefore, it is of the upmost importance to properly care for any and all foot wounds.
How to Care for Wounds
The best way to care for foot wounds is to prevent them. For diabetics, this means daily inspections of the feet for any signs of abnormalities or ulcers. It is also recommended to see a podiatrist several times a year for a foot inspection. If you do have an ulcer, run the wound under water to clear dirt from the wound; then apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage. Bandages should be changed daily and keeping pressure off the wound is smart. It is advised to see a podiatrist, who can keep an eye on it.
Foot or ankle pain can negatively affect your day-to-day life and can occur due to several different conditions. Pain can also be an indicator of a more serious underlying condition, which is why you should seek professional help as soon as you notice any abnormalities in your feet.
Running and walking are popular activities that require wearing different types of shoes. Most running shoes are constructed with more cushioning than walking shoes and may be designed in brighter colors. They may have a thicker sole, and it is important not to trip. Walking shoes are made of lighter materials and can help to move the foot forward from heel to toe. People who walk will land on their heels, and walking shoes can increase stability. Race-walking may be demanding on the feet, and it is beneficial for people who enjoy this form of walking to look for a shoe with adequate flexibility. If you would like more information about the differences between walking and running shoes, it is suggested that you speak with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the pair that is right for you.
For more information about walking shoes versus running shoes, consult with Paul A. Santangelo, DPM from Illinois. Our doctor can measure your feet to determine what your needs are and help you find an appropriate pair of footwear.
Foot Health: The Differences between Walking & Running Shoes
There are great ways to stay in shape: running and walking are two great exercises to a healthy lifestyle. It is important to know that running shoes and walking shoes are not interchangeable. There is a key difference on how the feet hit the ground when someone is running or walking. This is why one should be aware that a shoe is designed differently for each activity.
You may be asking yourself what the real differences are between walking and running shoes and the answers may shock you.
Walking doesn’t involve as much stress or impact on the feet as running does. However, this doesn’t mean that you should be any less prepared. When you’re walking, you land on your heels and have your foot roll forward. This rolling motion requires additional support to the feet.
Flexibility – Walking shoes are designed to have soft, flexible soles. This allows the walker to push off easily with each step.